How to Fix the “MySQL server has gone away” Error

The “MySQL server has gone away” error is a common issue that can occur in various scenarios when working with MySQL databases. This error typically arises due to connection timeout issues, server resource limits, or incorrect configurations.

1. Understanding the Error

The “MySQL server has gone away” error can occur for several reasons, including:

  • Server has timed out and closed the connection.

  • Packet size is too large.

  • The server has crashed.

  • Issues with the network connection.

2. Common Causes and Solutions

2.1 Connection Timeout

Cause: The MySQL server closes connections that have been idle for too long.


  • Increase the wait_timeout and interactive_timeout variables. These variables control the timeout for server-side connections.

SET GLOBAL wait_timeout = 28800;

SET GLOBAL interactive_timeout = 28800;

  • Adjust the client-side timeout settings in your application or driver configuration to ensure they match or exceed the server’s settings.

2.2 Large Queries or Data Packets

Cause: The query exceeds the maximum allowed packet size.


Increase the max_allowed_packet size. This variable sets the maximum size of a query.

SET GLOBAL max_allowed_packet = 1073741824; -- Example: 1GB

Ensure your application handles large queries properly by breaking them into smaller parts if possible.

2.3 Server Resource Limits

Cause: Insufficient server resources such as memory or CPU, or too many concurrent connections.


  • Optimize your MySQL configuration to match your server’s hardware. Key parameters include innodb_buffer_pool_size, query_cache_size, and table_open_cache.

  • Monitor and limit the number of concurrent connections using max_connections.

SET GLOBAL max_connections = 200; -- Example value

  • Use connection pooling to reuse database connections efficiently.

2.4 Server Crashes

Cause: MySQL server crashes due to bugs, hardware issues, or corrupted data files.


  • Check the MySQL error log to identify the cause of the crash. The log file is typically located at /var/log/mysql/error.log or specified by the log_error variable in your MySQL configuration.

  • Update MySQL to the latest version to ensure you have the latest bug fixes.

  • Check your hardware and filesystem for errors.

3. Configuration Recommendations

3.1 MySQL Configuration

Edit the MySQL configuration file (my.cnf or my.ini) to include the following recommendations:


max_allowed_packet = 64M

wait_timeout = 28800

interactive_timeout = 28800

innodb_buffer_pool_size = 1G # Adjust based on your server's RAM

max_connections = 200

3.2 Application Configuration

Ensure your application’s database connection settings are properly configured:

  • Set appropriate timeout values.

  • Enable connection pooling if supported.

  • Handle exceptions to retry connections if they are lost.

4. Monitoring and Maintenance

4.1 Regular Monitoring

Use tools like mysqladmin, MySQL Workbench, or monitoring services like Datadog, New Relic, or PMM (Percona Monitoring and Management) to keep track of server performance and detect issues early.

4.2 Regular Maintenance

  • Regularly backup your databases.

  • Perform routine checks and optimizations on your database tables.

  • Update your MySQL server and client libraries to the latest versions.


The “MySQL server has gone away” error is usually due to configuration issues or resource limitations. By understanding the common causes and applying the appropriate fixes, you can minimize the occurrence of this error. Regular monitoring and maintenance are also crucial to ensuring your MySQL server runs smoothly.

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